JOHANNES ‘JOHN’ F. LEHRER was born July 29, 1803 in Oetisheim in the Kingdom of Wirtemberg, and died January 19, 1876 in Philadelphia, PA. He married ROSINE CATHARINE ‘KATHERINE’ TAPPLER-HOEFER who was born December 31, 1808 in Enzberg, Kingdom of Wirtemberg. They were married in the Lutheran Church of Enzberg on November 15, 1829, a little over a month before the birth of their first child, PHILIPPINE.
Katharine’s parents were Johann Bernard Tappler and Catherina Sophie Fesslerin. After the death of Johann Bernhard, Catharina Sophie Fesserlin married Johann Franz Hoefer. Johann Franz stood in as Katherine’s father when she married Johannes Lehrer.
Regarding the Baptismal Records in the Lutheran Church of Oetisheim
In 1504, Ötisheim, which had been in the Palatine region of Germany, came under Württemberg control. The church, pictured above, predates this time, but has undergone extensive changes. The town was sacked on September 27 and 28, 1692; this is why the church records do not go back any earlier. The reason for the sacking was an attempt by France’s Sun King, Louis XIV, to claim the inheritance of his sister-in-law Lieselotte from the Palatinate. In so doing, he launched a war of succession that in a few years time left southwestern Germany lying in rubble. One of the war’s decisive battles was fought near Ötisheim at which the Duke-Administrator Karl von Württemberg was taken captive by the French. Ötisheim was burned down leaving only the church, town hall, and monastery administration building still standing. In 1744, looking back on that time, pastor Christian Gottfried Nicolai wrote: “the inhabitants were all dispersed, everything plundered and the village sat in complete ruin.” Only nine inhabitants lived in the ruins in 1697. It is for this reason that the Waldensers (religious followers of Peter Waldo) were granted the right to move straight into this depopulated neighborhood.
The forebears of Johannes Lehrer in Oetisheim
GREAT-GREAT GRANDFATHER: Mattheus Lehrer. His son is:
GREAT GRANDPARENTS: Hannss Joerg Lehrer; and Maria Barbara Ott who were married on May 14, 1709. They had two children:
Eva, b. April 24, 1714
Jerg Martin, b. November 13, 1716
From Mary Bateman 5/19/11:
Hello. My adopted son is related to the Lehrer family. You only list two children for Hans Joerg Lehrer and Maria Barbara Ott; but my source, Tom Roberts, who had a researcher in Germany, lists about 9 children. My adopted son would be through a younger son of Hans Joerg and Maria Barbara, Johann Ferdinand Lehrer b. 1 Feb 1727/1728 in GER Württemberg Ötisheim and died 1768 in VA Augusta Co after first arriving in PA in 1753.
GRANDPARENTS: Jerg Martin Lehrer; and Anna Catherina Kuhner. They had three children together including:
Daniel, b. December 3, 1745
Jacob, b. January 7, 1757
Johannes, b. May 21, 1762, d. June 29 1835
Jerg Martin married again, his second wife being Maria Regina Hettler with whom he had four children.
Jacob, b. January 26, 1767
Daniel, b. June 11, 1771
Johann Andreass, b. January 14, 1775
Johann Daniel, b. February 10, 1778
PARENTS: Johannes Lehrer; and Anna Maria Knodel b. 1766.
Johannes had seven siblings who were born to his parents, Johannes and Anna Maria, in Oetisheim:
1) Margaretha Catharina b. May 28, 1788
2) Philippina b. February 3, 1792
3) Ludwig b. May 7, 1795
4) Anna Maria b. December 4, 1797
5) Johannes Michael b. Sept 29, 1801
6) Gottliebin b. September 28, 1806
7) Ferdinand Friedrich b. February 2, 1809
An additional three siblings died in childhood. Note that their names were reused:
8.) Philippina b. June 1, 1790
9) Ludwig b. January 11, 1794
10) Gottliebin b. January 15, 1800
Johannes and Rosine Catharine become John and Katherine Lehrer in Philadelphia
Johannes Lehrer, his wife, Rosine Catharine, and four of their children (Matthaeus, Margaretha, Johann Friedrich, and Catharina) emigrated from Wirtemberg to Philadelphia sometime after the birth of Catharina in May of 1837 who was born in Oetisheim, Wirtemberg, and before the birth of Lewis who was born in Philadelphia PA in December of 1841. Johannes had made application to leave for America in 1839, but still this year cannot be assured as the one in which the family actually left Oetisheim.
In any case, the family’s emigration occurred during the time when there was unrest in Wirtemberg due to the ongoing struggle by the Kings of Prussia to integrate the hundreds of German States into their realm, a move which was opposed by the Austro-Hungarian Emperors, the nominal rulers of the German States. As the Kingdom of Wirtemberg had sided with Austria-Hungary, Johannes Lehrer’s decision to leave for Philadelphia with his family before war broke out with Prussia was well advised.
Ironically, some 20 years after their arrival in Philadelphia, Johannes and his family were to become witness to the era of the American Civil War (1861-65). During the Austro-Prussian War (1866) and the Franco-Prussian War (1870) which followed, Wirtemberg became integrated into the German Empire. During the very era when Wirtemberg met its fate, the Kingdom of Sicily was merged with the Kingdom of Savoy to create the ever-expanding Kingdom of Italy. Within a few years of that time, millions of Sicilians would head for America, and one of Johannes Lehrer’s descendants, would marry into one of those Sicilian families which had settled in Charlottesville, VA.
On John Lehrer’s Death Certificate of 1876, his occupation is listed as ‘Gentleman’. To a degree, gentleman signified a man with an income derived from property, a legacy or some other source, and was thus independently wealthy and did not need to work.
The 8th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica (1856) presents this information regarding the term gentleman: “By courtesy this title is generally accorded to all persons above the rank of common tradesmen when their manners are indicative of a certain amount of refinement and intelligence”.
Johannes’ death was attributed to apoplexy. Historically, that term was used to describe any sudden death that began with a sudden loss of consciousness, especially one where the victim died within a matter of seconds after losing consciousness Sudden cardiac deaths, ruptured cerebral aneurysms, certain ruptured aortic aneurysms, and even heart attacks have been described as apoplexy in the past.
At the time of his death, at age 73, John was living at 183 Jefferson Street in the 17th Ward of Philadelphia, which is an empty lot nowadays. Across the street is the Saint Michael Catholic Church complex which dates from c. 1825.
Johannes Lehrer was buried on January 22, 1876 in the German Lutheran Cemetery, Philadelphia, PA. His wife, Katherine, was also buried there along with three of their children: Catharine, Lewis, and Christianna. In addition, Otto Wanger, the husband of Johannes’ daughter, Maria, was laid to rest there. Maria had converted to Catholicism and might have been buried elsewhere; likewise for Lewis’ wife, Mary Trainor, an Irish Catholic.
The nine children of Johannes ‘John’ Lehrer and Katharine are:
1) PHILIPPINE LEHRER, born December 29, 1829, Oetisheim, Kingdom Wirtemberg. d. September 1830, Oetisheim.
2) MATTHAEUS ‘MATHIAS’ LEHRER, born July 4, 1831, Oetisheim, Kingdom Wirtemberg. d. January 4, 1872 Philadelphia, PA. m. Ann, born Ireland 1832. Mathias emigrated to Philadelphia PA with his parents c. 1839. Like his younger brother Lewis, Mathias was a shoemaker in Philadelphia.
One of Mathias’ children died in 1863: Mary, b. 1863 (mother Ann) Two additional children died in 1870: Margaret b. 1866 (mother Margaret); and Agnes b. 1868 (mother Ann). It would appear that Mathias was not married to little Margaret’s mother, Margaret. Could it be that Margaret was actually his sister Margaretha Lehrer, who had borne little Margaret out of wedlock with an unnamed man? Three additional children borne to Ann and Mathias:
Kate Lehrer, b. 1860 New Jersey
John Lehrer, b. 1861 Philadelphia, PA
Annie Lehrer, b. 1870 Philadelphia, PA : may not have survived childhood.
3) MARGARETHA LEHRER, born January 29, 1833, Oetisheim, Kingdom Wirtemberg; emigrated to Philadelphia PA with her parents c. 1839
THE BALTIMORE LEHRER FAMILY
4) JOHANN FRIEDRICH ‘JOHN F.’ LEHRER, born April 24, 1835, Oetisheim, Kingdom Wirtemberg; died August 2, 1923 in Baltimore, MD; m. Ellen ‘Ella’ Ahern b. abt. 1850 Ireland, emigrated to the US in 1850, naturalized 1880.
John Frederick Lehrer Jr. b. 30 Jan 1876 Maryland; d. 2 May 1934; driver for an express company; buried in Loudon Park Cemetery
William Henry Lehrer b. 8 Jun 1877 Maryland; d. 27 Oct 1958; m. Lizzie Hurley. Their children:
John M. Lehrer b. 21 Dec 1906, d. 17 Oct 1988
Mary Lehrer b. 1912
William Lehrer b. 4 Nov 1914, d. 23 Oct 1994
Children of Charles Joseph ‘Pat’ Lehrer:
Living Lehrer F b. 12 Mar 1938
John William ‘Bud’ Lehrer b. 24 Apr 1939, Baltimore; d. 11 Jan 2009; a glazier
Living Lehrer F b. 17 Mar 1942
Living Lehrer F b. 5 Sep 1943
Gerald Dennis Lehrer b. 14 Apr 1949; d. 4 Nov 2003
Living Lehrer F b. 28 Apr
Living Lehrer M b. 5 Sep
John J. Lehrer b. 31 May 1916, Maryland; d. 2 Sep 1994, Phoenix AZ
Wilfred W. Lehrer b. 5 Jun 1919, Maryland; d. Jan 1978
Joseph Lehrer (I) b.10 Mar 1881
Ellen ‘Ella’ May Lehrer b. 5 May 1882 Maryland. d. 22 Feb 1929; buried in Loudon Park Cemetery
Joseph Lehrer (II) b. 13 Mar 1884
Kate Lehrer b. 30 Apr 1885
James Franklin Lehrer b. 10 Jul 1887 Maryland; d. 13 Dec 1958
George Lehrer b. 20 May 1888
Lawrence Louis Lehrer b. 12 Apr 1892 Maryland; d. 16 Dec 1963; buried in Loudon Park Cemetery
m. 1916 Rose E. Their children:
Mary Lehrer b.1916
Rose Lehrer b. 1918
unnamed son Lehrer b.1919, Maryland
Marg Lehrer b.1922
Lawrence Lehrer b. 23 Sep 1923, Maryland; d. 22 Mar 1983; buried in Loudon Park Cemetery
5) CATHARINA LEHRER, born May 19, 1837, Oetisheim, Kingdom of Wirtemberg. d. about. 1880. Burial: German Lutheran Cemetery, Philadelphia. She emigrated to Philadelphia PA with her parents c. 1839
6) LEWIS LEHRER Sr., born December 08, 1841, Philadelphia, PA; died September 16, 1908, Philadelphia, PA. Burial: German Lutheran Cemetery, Philadelphia.
7) MARIA ‘MARY’ LEHRER, born 1842, Philadelphia, PA; married OTTO WANGER who died 1896, Philadelphia, PA.
Robert Bash, Jr. reports that one of Lewis Lehrer’s sisters was married to Otto Wanger. As neither Catharine nor Christianna are known to have married, Otto’s wife was most-probably Maria Lehrer. A Mary Lehrer, reportedly born in 1844 in Germany, was buried in the German Lutheran Cemetery on November 20, 1867. She died on November 18th of tuberculosis but was single at the time. This Mary might be Otto Wanger’s wife.
8.) HENRY LEHRER, b. 1848, Philadelphia, PA.
9) CHRISTIANA LEHRER, b. 1852, Philadelphia, PA; d. 1886; burial November 27, 1886 German Lutheran Cemetery, Philadelphia, PA.
Christiana was unmarried and living at 812 Buttonwood when she died at age 34 years, nine months. Her death is attributed to tuberculosis pulmonum. Bob Bash incorrectly reports that Christiana Lehrer, whom he calls Christine Schrer, was Lewis’ cousin, rather than his sister; but he got the rest of her information correct: year of death, age at death, and place of burial.
Robert Bash’s Letter to Charles John Lehrer, containing the Lehrer-Bash Family Genealogy
On December 2, 1969, Charles John ‘Cholly’ Lehrer received the following communication from his cousin Robert ‘Bob’ Bash, Jr. The two men were related by way of Bob’s mother, Mary, who was the sister of Cholly’s father, Joseph ‘Joe’ Lehrer. In the course of informing Cholly about the removal of several bodies of Lehrer ancestors from their resting places in the German Lutheran Cemetery in Philadelphia to a new graveyard in the area, Bob presented a fascinating genealogy of the Lehrer Family. Bob’s unusual spelling and grammar practices are indicative of his limited education.
Further complicating matters, Bob made several errors in identifying the Lehrers from the list he had in hand from the German Lutheran Cemetery Authority. For example, he thought that Christiana and Catharine were Lewis Lehrer’s cousins; whereas, they were actually Lewis’ sisters. And he identifies Johannes ‘John’ Lehrer’s wife as Mary; but in reality Johannes’ wife was named Katharine . But there is more to these discrepancies:
The 1920 US Census for Philadelphia recorded that a ‘Kate’ Lehrer, age 83, was living in the Old Ladies Home of Philadelphia. It is also mentioned that she was born in Pennsylvania, spoke German, and that both parents were German. Her birth year would be 1837, just two years before the date known to be that of Catharine Lehrer, the daughter of Johannes and Katharine Lehrer. If this ‘Kate’ Lehrer is actually their daughter, then the ‘Catharine Lehrer’ mentioned by Bob Bash in his genealogy is in reality Katharine, the wife of Johannes. Furthermore, that would make the ‘Mary Lehrer’, whom Bob thought was Johannes’ wife, the wife of Otto Wanger who was named Maria Lehrer.